Willkommen am Institut für Molekulare Evolution an der Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf. Unsere Forschungsinteressen sind Endosymbiose, frühe Evolution, Ursprung des Lebens, Zellevolution, Genomevolution und kompartimentierter Energiestoffwechsel mit Schwerpunkt auf Chloroplasten, Mitochondrien und Hydrogenosomen.
The Nordrhein-Westfälische Akademie der Wissenschaften und Künste published an interview with William Martin about his third ERC Advanced Grant and his research about early evolution and the origin of life.
The European Union will support Prof. Dr. William F. Martin with around 2.5 million euros in the next five years. He was awarded the highly prestigious Advanced Grant in 2020 of the European Research Council (ERC). These Advanced Grants are awarded in a very strict selection process only to established, successful top researchers and are therefore considered a special scientific award. The special award to receive an ERC Advanced Grant, is also documented by the success rate: They fell at the current bid by approximately 8%.
Life in a carbon dioxide world
The metabolic network of the last bacterial common ancestor
Communications Biology 4:413 (2021)
See news reports here
24.03.2021 | In memoriam Tom Cavalier-Smith
Tom was a savant. The human brain typically filters information on comparative morphology, Tom's did not. He rearranged his trees of cells, in his head, at will, for two reasons. First because he was able to do so, something no one else could. Second because there was always the problem that the characters might all be equally important. Weighting one character over the other changed the tree, often at its base, and he was able to then draw the resulting tree and its alternatives in a few minutes, from full throttle short and long term memory at once, sometimes reinterpreting characters in full stride. Those are intellectual feats unimaginable for the rest of us. He diligently put his knowledge in the written record, a great service to us all, for which science will be eternally grateful. Today we talk about Darwin or Haeckel. No one ever heard Tom say I can't remember. The rest of us put together, on the other hand, cannot forget. He was the closest thing to a super-hero that biology has to offer. In 200 years, the only contemporary blologist that science will discuss is Tom Cavalier-Smith. It was an honor to have interacted with him on too few occasions and to have been a biologist during his time.
Gene duplications trace mitochondria to the onset of eukaryote complexity
Genome Biology and Evolution (2021)
The autotrophic core: An ancient network of 404 reactions converts H2, CO2, and NH3 into amino acids, bases, and cofactors
Microorganisms 9:458 (2021)
The origin of symbiogenesis: An annotated English translation of Mereschkowky's 1910 paper on the theory of two plasma lineages
Biosystems 199:104281 (2021)
Martina Preiner's research was quoted in Nature:
The water paradox and the origins of life
30.11.2020 We moved!
You can now find us in
Anomalous phylogenetic behavior of ribosomal proteins in metagenome assembled asgard archaea
Genome Biol Evol (2020)
A spectrum of verticality across genes
PLoS Genet 16:e1009200 (2020)
17.09.2020 Graduation | Maria Handrich
Maria Handrich successfully finished her doctorate with the thesis entitled
"Vergleichende Analyse von Lichtschutzmechanismen in 6 verschiedenen Repräsentanten der Archaeplastida".
Phylogenetic analyses with systematic taxon sampling show that mitochondria branch within Alphaproteobacteria
Nat Ecol Evol (2020)
Congratulations to Shijulal Nelson-Sathi, a former PhD Student and Postdoc from our institute, who has been selected as Scientist C (equivalent to Assistant Professor) at the Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology (RGCB) in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India.
Older than genes: The acetyl CoA pathway and origins
Front Microbiol 11:817 (2020)
28.05.2020 Graduation | Madeline Weiß
Madeline Weiß successfully finished her doctorate with the thesis entitled
"Phylogenetische Analyse prokaryotischer Genome zur Rekonstruktion des letzten gemeinsamen Vorfahrens der Prokaryoten".
Autocatalytic chemical networks at the origin of metabolism
Proc R Soc B 287:20192377 (2020)
Bacterial genes outnumber archaeal genes in eukaryotic genomes
Genome Biol Evol (2020)
Science published an article about William Martin's latest paper in Nature Ecology and Evolution:
Was this life’s first meal?
A hydrogen-dependent geochemical analogue of primordial carbon and energy metabolism
Nat Ecol Evol (2020)
Physiological limits to life in anoxic subseafloor sediment
FEMS Microbiol Rev (2020)
28.01.2020 Graduation | Martina Preiner
Martina Preiner successfully finished her doctorate with the thesis entitled
"The abiotic pattern of biotic CO2 fixation in early metabolism".