The general process of plant evolution as viewed with molecular markers

Endosymbiosis and endosymbiotic gene transfer Overview In recent years, we have focussed a bit on the evolution and biology of organelles, but we still maintain an active interest in phylogeny. In addition to keeping track of the gene content and the phylogeny of chloroplast genomes we have had a interest in the question of whether the Gnetales  an unusual group of gymnosperms with very angiosperm-like characters  are the sisters of angiosperms or not (they aren't). In recent work together with friends in Cologne, we're also investigating some aspects of cereal domestication.

Some papers on these topics are:

  • Hansen A, Hansmann S, Samigullin T, Antonov A, Martin W (1999) Gnetum and the angiosperms: Molecular evidence that their shared morphological characters are convergent, rather than homologous. Mol. Biol. Evol. 16:1006–1009.
  • Goremykin VV, Bobrova VK, Pahnke J, Troitsky AV, Antonov AS, Martin W (1996) Noncoding sequences from the slowly evolving chloroplast inverted repeat in addition to rbcL data do not support gnetalean affinities of angiosperms. Mol. Biol. Evol. 13:383–396.
  • Samigullin TH, Martin W, Troitsky AV, Antonov AS (1999) Molecular data from the chloroplast rpoC1 gene suggest a deep and distinct dichotomy of contemporary spermatophytes into two monophylums: gymnosperms (including Gnetales) and angiosperms. J. Mol. Evol. 49:310–315.
  • Adachi J, Waddell P, Martin W, Hasegawa M (2000) Plastid phylogeny and a model of amino acid substitutions of proteins encoded in chloroplast DNA. J. Mol. Evol. 50:348–358.
  • Goremykin V, Hansmann S, Martin W (1997) Evolutionary analysis of 58 proteins encoded in six completely sequenced chloroplast genomes: Revised molecular estimates of two seed plant divergence times. Pl. Syst. Evol. 206:337–351.
  • Martin W, Stoebe B, Goremykin V, Hansmann S, Hasegawa M, Kowallik KV (1998) Gene transfer to the nucleus and the evolution of chloroplasts. Nature 393:162–165.
  • Stoebe B, Hansmann S, Goremykin V, Kowallik KV, Martin W (1999) Proteins encoded in sequenced chloroplast genomes. In: Advances in Plant Molecular Systematics. Eds. Hollingsworth C, et al. Francis and Taylor, Andover. pp. 327–352.
  • Stoebe B, Martin W, Kowallik KV (1998) Distribution and nomenclature of protein-coding genes in 12 sequenced chloroplast genomes. Plant Mol. Biol. Reptr. 16:243–255.
  • Samigullin TH, Valiejo-Roman KM, Troitsky AV, Bobrova VK, Filin VR, Martin W, Antonov AS (1998) Sequence of rDNA internal spacers from the chloroplast DNA of 26 bryophytes: Properties and phylogenetic utility. FEBS Lett. 422:47–51.
  • Martin W, Gierl A, Saedler H (1989) Angiosperm origins. Nature 342:132.
  • Martin W, Gierl A, Saedler H (1989) Molecular evidence for pre-Cretaceous angiosperm origins. Nature 339:46–48.
  • Martin W, Salamini F (2000) Biodiversity and natural history: A meeting at the gene. EMBO Reports 1:208–210.


Prof. Dr. William F. Martin

Molekulare Evolution
Universitätsstraße 1
Gebäude: 26.13
Etage/Raum: 01.34
Tel.: +49 211 81-13011
Verantwortlich für den Inhalt: E-Mail sendenProf. Dr. William F. Martin